Urology and Andrology

Renal cell carcinoma: from nephrectomy to non-ischemic enucleation

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) originates in the epithelium of the proximal tubules and renal collecting tubules. RCC comprises up to 90% of all renal parenchymal cancers. Renal parenchymal tumors are the members of a complex family that includes unique histological structures, cytogenetic defects, and variable metastatic potentials. Renal parenchymal tumors vary from benign oncocytomas to highly malignant papillary and clear cell carcinomas.
This literature review mentions the most important dates and key people, contributed to the development of kidney surgery from standard nephrectomy to non-ischemic enucleation. This review is purely informative and does not give preference to any methods, which creates a platform for discussion and development of new approaches to improve surgical treatment in patients with RCC.

Key words: renal cell carcinoma, nephrectomy, enucleation, renal parenchyma.

For citation: Alyaev Yu.G., Shpot' E.V., Mamedkasimov N.A., Sorokin N.I., Akopyan G.N.  Renal cell carcinoma: from nephrectomy to non-ischemic enucleation. Vopr. urol. androl. (Urology and Andrology). 2018; 6(4): 26–33. (In Russian).
DOI: 10.20953/2307-6631-2018-4-26-33