Magnesium deficiency in clinical practice

Microelement magnesium is used in the human body mainly as an electrolyte and mineral cofactors for enzymes. As an electrolyte, magnesium serves to maintain the liquid balance; as a cofactor, it is used in the functioning of more than 300 enzyme systems, in particular adenosine triphosphate and adenylate cyclase. In addition, magnesium is required to activate the creatinekinase and many other enzymes involved in the glycolysis process. Magnesium deficiency increases the risk of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, which remain the leading cause of mortality in the world. However, widespread hypodiagnosis of magnesium deficiency, and therefore the deficiency of this vital trace element is not eliminated
and is not prevented in a timely manner

Key words: magnesium deficiency, hypodiagnosis, cardiovascular diseases.

For citation: Kochneva E.V. Magnesium deficiency in clinical practice. Vopr. dietol. (Nutrition). 2018; 8(1): 37–51.
DOI: 10.20953/2224-5448-2018-1-37-51