In the middle of the 20th century, the most important physiological functions in the body of ω-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω‑3‑PUFAs) (especially the essential eicosapentaenoic and docosahex-aenoic acids) were first established to maintain human health from the moment of intrauterine devel-opment and to old age, which fundamentally changed the concept of a healthy diet of modern man and pharmacotherapeutic approaches to the prevention and treatment of age-associated diseases. The arti-cle deals with the physiological effects of ω-3-PUFAs and their use in pregnancy, childhood, derma-tology and sports medicine. To date, there is a necessary evidence base, sufficient for the assertion that every person living in a region with a depleted content of ω-3 PUFAs in the diet should take in addi-tion to food preparations containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids to prevent the vast majority of diseases (first of all, various chronic non-infectious diseases prevailing in the structure of
the incidence of modern man) and increasing the duration and quality of life in general.
ω-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, physio-logical functions, prevention, treatment.
Vorslov L.O. Omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids as a source of longevity. Vopr. dietol. (Nutrition). 2017; 7(1): 36–41.