The effectiveness of using a low-calorie diet and a low-sodium salt in diet therapy of patients with arterial hypertension and ischaemic heart disease
Patients and methods. The observation included patients with arterial hypertension grade II–III and ischaemic heart disease aged from 33 to 64 years. All patients received diet 10 С with high contents of fresh vegetables and fruits during the whole period of treatment. Conventional salt was replaced by a therapeutic-preventive salt with decreased sodium content.
Results. After the therapy, a positive dynamics in the form of decreased body weight and cholesterol levels, blood glucose and triglycerides, normalization of arterial pressure and improvement of general wellbeing was obtained.
Conclusion. The use of a low-calorie diet and a low-sodium therapeutic-preventive salt in combination with hypotensive medications contributes to a more effective treatment of patients with hypertensive and ischaemic heart disease in the presence of overweight.
Key words: arterial hypertension, low-calorie diet, ischaemic heart disease, treatment, obesity.