Development of approaches for evaluation of the influence of diet therapy on the psychoemotional status and adaptive abilities in obese patients with cardiovascular diseases
Patients and methods. The examination included 23 patients with cardiovascular diseases (ischaemic heart disease and hypertensive disease) and obesity grade I–III. The dynamics of clinical symptoms, mental status, adaptive abilities of the body influenced by low-calories diet therapy of hypotensive antiaterogenic character was studied.
Results. As was found, the administered course of diet therapy had a marked positive effect on the clinical status, values of central hemodynamics of the patients, noticeable positive effect on the indices of their psychoemotional status and adaptive abilities of the body. The main tendency was manifest in the activating effect of diet therapy on the results of testing the patients for wellbeing and performance and reduction of the time of performing Kraepelin’s arithmetic test.
Conclusion. The findings are also indicative of good prospects for the use of psychophysiological testing for predicting the development and evaluating the efficacy of complex therapy in obese patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Key words: diet therapy, obesity, psychoemotional status, cardiovascular diseases