Gynecology, Obstetrics and Perinatology

Diagnosis and surgical correction of isthmocele after caesarean section

Objective. To compare the efficacy of different methods of surgical correction of isthmocele after caesarean section.
Patients and methods. The study included 56 patients aged 29–41 years, who were divided into three groups: group 1 (n = 16) – patients who underwent surgical laparoscopy with suturing the uterine wound with single-row separate muscularmuscular sutures; group 2 (n = 23) – patients after repair of the uterus with a double-row continuous seromuscular and muscular-muscular suture performed by laparoscopy; group 3 (n = 17) consisted of patients who underwent laparotomy and suturing the uterine wound with a double-row continuous suture.
Results. We developed a three-stage plastic and reconstructive surgical laparotomic and laparoscopic program in case of the uterine scar incompetence, which improved the quality of life in all patients. Pregnancy occurred 9–14 months after plastic and reconstructive surgery on the uterus and resulted in timely surgical delivery in 4 (25%) patients in group 1, in 7 (30.4%) patients in group 2 and in 3 (17.6%) patients in group 3. Two (12.5%) patients in group 1 and three (13.04%) patients in group 2 were observed during pregnancy with a period of 10–28 weeks.
Conclusion. The use of laparoscopy ensured better visualization of anatomical structures (vessels, nerves, ureters, bladder), which led to a decrease in intraoperative blood loss, in the risk of damage to adjacent organs and in the development of adhesions, and to accelerated postoperative rehabilitation of patients.
Key words: double-row suture, istmocele, laparoscopy, metroplasty
For citation: Mikhaelyan N.S., Bryunin D.V., Khokhlova I.D., Dzhibladze T.A., Ishchenko A.I., Nizkaya E. S., Gadaeva I.V., Svidinskaya E.A., Ushkova A.D., Chushkov Yu.V. Diagnosis and surgical correction of isthmocele after caesarean section. Vopr. ginekol. akus. perinatol. (Gynecology, Obstetrics and Perinatology). 2021; 20(3): 56–62. (In Russian). DOI: 10.20953/1726-1678-2021-3-56-62

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